What All should you Test in your Healthcare Apps?

Technology has touched all aspects of our lives and healthcare is no different. Now at the touch of a button you have access to anything that you wanted to know about eating healthy, staying healthy, doctors and their availability etc. Whatever you can think of, related to, healthcare is now available in the form of an app.

A developer designs an app based on the ideas that he has. However, before this app is launched in the market, it needs to be tested and made foolproof. So, if you are looking to enter the healthcare field with an app, there are some things you need to test in your app.

The user interface (Source)

For any app, the user interface is of utmost importance. More so for healthcare apps because most of the ends users will be patients who will want a comfortable way to interact. Also in medical apps, a large amount of data needs to be entered and that too on a regular basis. The app therefore, needs to patient centric and patient friendly. It would benefit a great deal from an inbuilt memory to take care of the patient’s history – a factor that will come in handy for the doctor. In terms of design, it should have a positive impact on the patient hence you need to test it for a ‘feel good’ design factor.

Integration with other apps(Source)

Healthcare is a large field. One single app might not be able to fulfill all the requirements of the patient. Hence, a compatibility with other apps is essential. Once a patient becomes comfortable with a particular app and its interface, he would not like to change it. He would rather look for an app that offers the same comfort as a doctor. Hence, it is important to test the compatibility of the app with others.

Patient Privacy(Source)

In the field of medicine, privacy is very important. You need to test the app for its ability to keep secrets. Patients share many personal details and his/her medical history on the app which is very sensitive data and obviously should not become public. Though, in case the app does collect data for whatever reason, it needs to be brought to the notice of the end user in the form of a privacy policy that explains to the end user all about it.

Security testing

Security and authenticity testing is always an important step to be taken while launching a healthcare app. The app should comply with the regulatory bodies such as HIPAA.

Usability testing

Before taking out an app into the real world, it’s imperative to test it for its usability yourself that would get you an idea as to how well the users in real world would be able to use that app.

Performance and compatibility across platforms

People might not have the same phone but would like to have the same healthcare app and exchange notes with their friends. An app therefore needs to be compatible and be able to perform across different mobile platforms like Windows, Android etc. Often in making the app compatible, some features get omitted. As a tester you need to test compatibility, performance, as well as functionality of app across platforms.

Error Messaging

Any app is supposed to work well when a certain set of instructions is followed but what happens when there is an error on the part of the end user. Ideally, it should not process information and send out error message. A tester needs to address this issue as well and ensure that the message sent will help rectify the problem.

Functionally foolproof (Source)

Before releasing the app in the market, test it for functionality. This needs to be done at different levels. At the patient level, at the doctor’s level, at insurance provider level etc. In case of an app that requires location like running and fitness, you need to check the accuracy of the geographic location.

The market is flooded with many healthcare apps but the reason why some are more popular than others lies in their design as well as testing. A user who is spoilt for choice will not compromise on any factor. Your job as a tester then remains to ensure that the final version of the app that is launched in the market meets the entire criterion set up by the end user and gives accurate results.

TechArcis Mobile testing services include device testing, App testing, Functionality testing. This helps to release their products with accelerated time to market, generates quicker ROI & brings better brand reputation. To know more about our Mobile testing services, contact us today.

Other Resources

Role of Automation in the era of Agile

 

As more and more businesses are embracing agile development and testing, automation has become the norm of the day. For cutting down the time of development and time to market, automation has emerged as a critical component as it helps maintain agility throughout the development cycle where various teams cooperate and collaborate, with an emphasis on continuous improvement.

Let’s take a look at how automation plays a key role in Agile environments.

Running Regression Test Suites

For testing existing functionality, you can use completed acceptance tests for creating regression tests and then run them. Regression tests focus on checking existing software applications to ensure that an addition or alteration hasn’t broken any existing functionality. It also helps catch bugs that may have been introduced accidentally into a new product or a new/updated version, apart from making sure that bugs eradicated earlier continue to stay dead. However, with the focus on Agile environment these days, where a new product/release/update is released every 2 weeks or so, you need a sustainable architecture for automation that performs well in the era of Agile environments. Unlike regression tests that are run after a product is ready, you need to run tests simultaneously from the planning through development and design and finally testing stage to ensure that the end product is functional and bug-free. That’s why experts say that without automation, you just can’t leverage Agile to the fullest, at least not with numerous high quality deployments happening over short periods.

Why Use Progressive Automation?

An inherent feature of Agile environments is the continuous process of design, development, testing and delivery. No wonder that the industry is using progressive automation, which is cross-compatible across all software development lifecycle models and designed to offer the most optimum results. Unlike regressive automation where automation can be done in the N-1 or N-2 sprint, progressive approach lets you do it in the Nth sprint itself.

To perform automation in the Nth sprint, scripts to test new functionality need to be written for developed/development which is in progress. Testers too get involved early on into the development cycle, working closely with the development team and business users so that everyone shares the same knowledge base.

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How to enable progressive automation?

Framework: The first step is to analyze the design document and understand the data elements, screens, integration elements, etc. Then create object repository, screen links and modules as part of frame work. Meanwhile the required test scenarios will also be developed in parallel. The automation QA then analyzes the automation approach that needs to be followed and check framework utilities. Once the functional test cases are created and evaluated, they get converted to automation scripts, using framework. Next up is the dry run of the automation suite on a virtualized environment, the results of which are validated by the manual team. After the designated environment starts functioning, the executions are performed on an actual dedicated environment.

It is important to note that we will have short span of time to complete the script in progressive automation. This can be achieved with scriptless automation framework where the user can create/modify the test scenarios through GUI and in the backend the required script will be generated automatically.

Continuous Integration

Continuous integration (CI) in Agile environments aim to minimize the effort and duration needed by each integration episode so that a product version can be delivered on demand, at any time. To be able to deliver products suitable for release at any time, you need E2E (end to end) business process testing where after every 2-3 points in the sub-process, tests are run and then all these sub-processes are connected to give an enterprise solution. From cross-product integration to APA integration, continuous integration needs every team member to integrate at least daily. Thus, multiple integrations happen every day. An automated build running regression tests then verifies these to spot integration errors at the earliest. Thus, businesses face considerably lower integration problems, which in turn helps pave the way for development of cohesive software more quickly.

Continuous integration usually leverages –

  • a version control tool (SVN, Git, CVS etc)
  • an automated build and product release procedure
  • instrumentation of the build procedure to set off unit and acceptance tests each time any change gets published to version control

With CI, if a single test fails, the entire team is alerted of a “broken build” so that it can work to achieve a releasable, stable baseline again, as soon as possible. At times, a continuous integration server (such as Hudson, Cruise Control etc) may also be used to automate the procedure of integration, testing and reporting of test results.

To match the dynamism of business needs today, automation in the Agile environment is something to look forward to.

The Importance of Strategizing in Mobile App Testing

 

As the number of smartphone users continues to increase, a lot of apps are being developed to improve the functional performance of these awesome devices. It is anticipated that by 2017 over 270 billion apps will be downloaded by smartphone users. After all, people now intend to do everything they could possibly do on their desktops on their mobile handsets. With this spiking demand of applications, there arises greater need for the testers to have sound mobile testing strategies to face new challenges that can occur anytime. This includes testing of both mobile apps as well as the mobile phones.

Mobile Testing Challenges in the Near Future

Billions of people use mobile phones, and most of them are quite picky and restive. They do not take too much time in deciding whether your app is useful or not. You should try your best to keep the app less complicated and lightweight because if it takes too much time to load, users may post an unassertive review about the app. It requires considerable testing within shorter test cycles to verify whether the app is performing as expected. You may have only one chance to engage the user, and you should not miss it.

A well laid out mobile testing strategy helps in promoting quality and reduces the cost of it. It also enhances the tester’s motivation and his productivity ultimately. Moreover, it ensures accuracy of testing and prevents delay in bugs’ identification.

A tester should work on both functional and as well as non-functional testing. Functional testing can be done using manual procedure or automation tools. It ensures business requirements of the app while non-functional is needed for non-functional requirements. It checks the readiness of system. Non-functional tests may include testing availability, compatibility, endurance, installation, compliance, operation, security, etc.

The overall coverage is necessary because users access the applications on different platforms. The app should also be tested for its performance on different sized devices to ensure the UI is optimized of each device.

Here’s how the testing repertory should be

Your mobile testing strategy should comprise crucial tenets of mobile testing.

  • Test apps sundry times
  • Provide the test scope along with faster turnaround; hence it is quite important to test the app many times before you deliver it.

  • Take support from app developer and know your client well
  • As a tester, you should take the support of the app designer and developer to know the demands of your client. Your test strategy should be based on the kind of application required by the client. Native apps demand wider functional testing because such apps work on a distinct device and comprise many functions.

  • Web apps demand for vigorous testing
  • The web applications are accessed through many different devices and browsers, so such kind of apps should be tested on all available platforms to ensure perfect functioning. The hybrid apps are compatible with both web and native devices, so these apps should be tested for both web platforms and specific devices.

  • Risk-based testing targeting particular audience
  • Probably, your client has planned to target audience belonging to a particular region/location. Here risk-based testing is required that depends on the type of devices and browsers used by targeted audience. Details like the type of devices and operating systems used in targeted regions are available readily. These details help you in understanding how to execute the testing procedure. App’s usability should be same on desktop and portable devices otherwise it can’t get a good response from targeted market.

Non-functional testing is essential

Non-functional testing comprises of testing software aspects like scalability, security, etc. Today’s users don’t wait for a long time and they hate using complicated apps. This is what makes non-functional testing quite remarkable. Your testing strategy should include both loading time and transaction processing speed of the app. You should also test the app on different networks because the network’s speed may vary with respect to service providers.

To conclude

Of course the challenges are increasing and it is getting quite complicated to design a mobile app, but still with proper strategy in place, we have the abilities to meet requirements of the client. Just pay attention to what client demands, and don’t shy away from trying new strategizing techniques.

Today’s New age applications require New age Mobility solutions. TechArcis Mobility testing solutions ensure quality across multiple operating systems, browsers, smart devices and models.

Continuous and Automated Security Testing

Never send a human to do a machine’s job – This is the key principle driving continuous and automated testing in the DevOps world. The key to agile methodologies lies in continuous and automated testing software…

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Never send a human to do a machine’s job – This is the key principle driving continuous and automated testing in the DevOps world.

The key to agile methodologies lies in continuous and automated testing software during the development phase. To run a continuous delivery pipeline or continuous, reliable integration, automated integration, unit and acceptance tests are indispensable quality controls. Sadly, security tests are often left outside the ambit of this procedure due to some flawed belief.

Is automating security testing a good move?

Yes, it sure is. Just think about the scenario where you just need to examine if known flaws have crept into your software codes or its functionality and have a person to run these checks manually. Wouldn’t it be a sheer wastage of manpower as these routine tests can be done easily and efficiently by automation? True that you will always need intelligent professionals for ensuring top-notch quality and testing certain aspects of the software, but engaging people for routine security tests isn’t economically feasible, more so when you can easily automate the process and put the freed human resources to better use somewhere else.

Compared to penetration testing of yester years, need of the hour is continuous and automated testing as continuous deployment demands continuous configuration, development and testing.

Bringing the developers and testers together

In DevOps world, you need a secure SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) approach. Remember – you just can’t ignore or compromise with security. But as it happens in small increments, you can start small without feeling overwhelmed, in case you haven’t started running continuous and automated testing.

Step-by-step approach

1. The first step is to plan, where you will have to –

  • spot unsecured frameworks and APIs
  • map parts of security sensitive codes such as user authentication/password changes mechanism
  • understand User roles and their level of authentication at each level of application
  • foresee regulatory problems and chart out a way to overcome them

2. The second step is to get your developers involved and connect them to security. You should encourage an open door approach and if necessary, opt for online collaboration and communication solutions like Confluence, Jive etc.

3. The third step would be to empower your developers by asking the testers to provide them with secure frameworks and Service Component Architecture (SCA) tools that can offer rapid, frequent security feedback on pre-commit stage. This should be followed by automation where you integrate within your build (Bamboo, Jenkins, TeamCity etc) and leverage SAST, DAST and IAST. You should mark the build a “failure” if it doesn’t pass the securitybar.

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Security testing levels

You can classify security tests with respect to automation as given below:

  • Functional Security Tests: Used to verify and test if security features such aslogout and authentication are functional as expected. You can use existing acceptance testing browser automation tools like WebDriver/Selenium to automate these.
  • Application and Infra Security Tests: Open Source tool OWASP ZAP is ideal forsuch exhaustivesecurity scanning.
  • Non-functional Security Tests: Misconfigurations and known weaknesses can be tested and automated as the glitches are known already (even when the Dev Team doesn’t know, the Security Team will know it for sure). Thus, whether it’s using weak SSL ciphers and suites, or not using HttpOnly flag on session cookies, you can test them by leveraging afusion approach where browser automation and a proxy server is used to examine and inject requests.

Many believe that you can’t use automation to test application logic. It’s true to some extent as finding errorsin the logic of the application would need a human brainat work. That’s because automated tools can’t deal with the different functions that need to be testedin such cases, by drawing upon past experiences and skills. However, once the glitches have been noted (say, how an attacker may attempt to transfer funds from a bank account to his/her accomplice’s accounts), you can define the parameter and record them as automated tests. These can then become a component of the security regression tests.

Setting up security goals and their implementation

In the DevOps world, security goals must be stated clearly and driven by the business objectives. Since all teams work as a close-knit unit in DevOps, there should be open communication and collaboration and the security tests must be understandable by all stakeholders.

In other words, you should be ready to –

  • expose your processes to testing
  • record routine manual security tests and automate them
  • ensure that the security tests fit into DevOps workflow and CI/CD (Continuous Integration and Deployment) pipelines
  • make sure the security tests’ logic are independent from navigation code
  • check for test errors and test failures
  • keep a close eye on test maintenance
  • perform regular sanity checks along the way
  • ask your testers to provide you with a starting point of ready-to-use security tests

Integrating security testing into your automated build process also needs you to use regular methods like WAF, periodicpen testing, reviewing the code for security sensitive portions. The basic principle is to get everyone on the team involved in the process and bring developers, testers, QAs and IT-Infra people together so that it’s a team effort and there isn’t any “them”…it’s only “us”.

TechArcis is an organization specializing in the area of Security Testing Solution that has a team of highly skilled, co-located software testing professionals who ensure delivery of quality products that help quicker go-to-market and also control efforts and expenses.

DevTestOps – Role of Testing in DevOps world

Albert Einstein once said – We cannot solve our problems by applying the same level of thinking that we used when we created them.

Though this line was said in a different context, this applies to software development as well. Unlike the past where one level of thinking (software engineering) prevailed, the present era has something completely different to work with. That’s why you will find a rapid collaborative development environment in the DevOps world where test team will have close integration and collaboration with the developers, management, QAs and IT-infra professionals. Working with such a diverse, multi-faceted group, testers can help reduce lead time, improve time to market, boost deployment frequency and deliver stable new features more successfully.

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We put “Test” in “DevOps” and call it “DevTestOps”

No wonder that in the DevOps world, which has its focus firmly fixed oncontinuous delivery, testers have a key role to play as detailed below.

# Continuous Integration, Deployment and Delivery

Just think, how useless and meaningless continuous integration and delivery would be if you don’t have a continuous testing process to back them up. It could be bug infested or have serious functionality issues, which would make the entire process moot as you’ll have to go back to the drawing board and think afresh to tide over these problems/issues. With a group of competent testers in place, you can steer clear of such problems as you will be rest assured of being able to release the codes quickly and deliver software in a timely manner.

In the continuous integration and delivery process required in the DevOps world, the IT infra plays along with Dev and QA team. In this culture, the development team addresses the Infra issues successfully while coding and the testing team develops right scenarios along with IT infra team to validate required environment.

# Work begins right from Day-1

In the DevOps world, the testers association starts from day one and runs throughout the project life-cycle. Though some may say that the V-model has a similar structure, it’s important to remember that the Development and Testing Teams work as independent units there, which run as parallel activities. In contrast, testers are an integral part of the Dev Team in the DevOps world. The integrated teams have to clear the doubts, finalize requirements and arrive aright strategy and execution plan by having brainstorming sessions.

# Test Automation

Progressive test automation is one of the key requirements for continuous delivery. This can happen only if the Development and Testing Teams work in tandem and have an in-depth understanding of the codes – both at the high and low level design of the code.

# UX design

In the market, there are software that are good enough and then there are those that are really great. Wondering what makes the difference? Well, it’s the courage to think out-of-the-box and sometimes, even seemingly weird solutions, based on the needs of the target clientele, develop them and put them to test. After all, it’s the finer points of the user experience (UX) design. In the past, this was a time consuming task that was handled by a group of specialists. But now, you can take it as a team sport, where everyone participates and brainstorms, from developers and IT professionals to testers and the management, thus challenging what were thought to be good design rules and architecture as all this rule breaking is supported by a culture of learning and experimentation in the DevOps world. This is precisely what makes all the difference! Testers have a big role to play in usability testing as they have to find the right scenarios to test the UX. After all, it’s often a glitch in the code or design that inhibits a user from completing a desired action and it’s the testers who can fix these by addressing the functional gaps, bugs and other issues, if any.

# Ease of process, Transparency and Accountability

Compared to a few big changes, frequent and small changes made along with continuous delivery are much easier to manage. With testers in the DevOps world, you can get exactly that. Again, with continuous delivery and a diverse team at work, where everyone is familiar with the release date throughout the entire deployment pipeline, you enjoy transparency as you get a completely audit able process. This in turn helps improve your end product’s quality.

With a competent testing team in place, you can ensure that every change gets monitored as it makes its way from development to production. Since the results are out there for anyone to see, you will make lives easier, especially when it comes to satisfying regulatory and compliance committees. All of this is attributed to a continuous delivery process, which helps you to make sure that all your records are complete.

Conclusion

The DevOps world has managed to eliminate the boundaries between operations and development and interestingly, testers have a big role to play if the domain is to get robust and all embracing.

TechArcis is focused on delivering high value added engagements with measurable returns on your investment. Let us show you how our agile testing solutions coupled with DevTestOps and Continuous integration process can help you gain competitive advantage. Talk to us today.

How Automation Testing can be Beneficial for IoT Application

As Internet of Things (IoT) gets set to connect about 50 billion devices by the year 2020, quality assurance and testing teams in software development companies begin revamping their testing strategies to fit into the IoT.

The environment in which IoT operates requires a different approach when it comes to testing methods and strategies. Automation has emerged as the most critical component of IoT and most testing methods are being designed to make the most out of it. Software development companies have paced up the rate at which they deliver software services alongside updates and patches hence the need for automation testing becomes even more important.

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The complete application for IoT is mostly based on component based architecture. These components are the building blocks of the application and can be turned on and off on a need basis. Applications supporting Internet of Things are built on three basic layers –

  • Presentation, Control and Configuration layer
  • Integration and Interface layer
  • Storage or database layer

Why Automation Is at the Heart of IoT?

By 2019, two-thirds of consumers plan to buy connected technology for their homes. As the demand for connected devices and applications surges in leaps and bounds, the need of the hour is to churn out efficient, robust apps quickly.

purchase new connected device

Automation testing comes handy in this scenario. Automation testing is considered as one of the most lightweight, flexible approaches to IoT application development. Automation testing actually consists of a family of agile methodologies like crystal yellow, crystal orange, crystal clear and others. After delivering a Sprint, the product backlog is examined and reprioritized, if required, and the next set of functionality is chosen for the next Sprint.

The methodologies key tenets are communication, simplicity, teamwork as well as reflection to frequently alter and enhance the process. Like other agile software development methods, crystal promotes early delivery of working software, user involvement and elimination of distractions using different processes of automation testing environment.

In case the developers have to make changes on the existing application or interface the new application to an existing application, automation testing proves to be very helpful. It ensures that:

  • The ready application has good response time
  • The IoT application is multi-user and can be deployed in distributed environment
  • The application can be deployed through internet or locally
  • There is proper data validation throughout the application
  • Real time data accuracy
  • Access control through encryption decryption.

Automation Testing – A Natural Fit for IoT Applications

Unlike other testing methodologies, automation testing defines specific and very small phases of work which are to be consummated separately per feature. It comprises of domain walkthrough, design, design analysis, code, and code analysis and enhances to build. There are several reasons which make testing automation an integral part of IoT development:

  • IoT applications are a complex mix of character traits of modern-day IT and Web services and traditional embedded systems. So there’s a need of a diverse set of testing regimes.
  • There’s a need to test anything and everything. The immense scale of IoT makes automation an obvious choice for running tests on everything including sensors and thermostats.
  • In IoT the key focus is on connectivity and security. As billions of devices come online, there will be a wide range of protocols coming into play such as Bluetooth, 4G LTE, Wi-Fi etc. Testers will need a testing methodology which can bring into consideration various connectivity scenarios while focusing on ways to deal with cybercrime threats.

Basically, it makes sense to automate testing in IoT, where not only the varied devices and services, but also the many components of different IoT layers need testing.

The primary objective of automation testing in IoT applications is to devise and promote a common industry framework for fast software delivery. Dynamic system development method alongside automation testing offers a comprehensive foundation for managing, planning, executing and scaling agile method and insistent software development projects. The methodology and testing method is based on few key principles that involve business value, empowered teams, rapid delivery, active user involvement, and integrated testing and stakeholder collaboration.  In this agile development methodology, requirements are determined initially in the project and rework is built into the process.

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As the trend of IoT is growing rapidly and varied machines are connected in it, automated testing emerges as more of a necessity than an option. QA teams will need time and experience to deal with the behavior of moving parts in the volatile IoT environment. Rather than just focusing on whether a system is functional or not, testers will need to check if a device is reliable and scalable in usual or unusual circumstances.

Get in touch with TechArcis’s automation Test Specialists today.